Words Essays and Speeches are semantically related or have similar meaning

Determine the Type of Speech Youre Writing

Since there are different types of speeches, your attention-grabbing techniques should fit the speech type.

Informative and instructional speeches inform your audience about a topic, event, or area of knowledge. This can be a how-to on podcasting for teens or a historical report on the Underground Railroad. It also can relate to health and beauty, such as "How to Shape Perfect Eyebrows," or hobby-related, such as "Make a Great Bag Out of Old Clothing."​

Persuasive speeches attempt to convince or persuade the audience to join one side of an argument. You might write a speech about a life choice, such as, “Abstinence Can Save Your Life,” or getting involved in the community, such as “The Benefits of Volunteering.”

Entertaining speeches entertain your audience, and topics may not practical. Your speech topic could be something like, "Life Is Like a Dirty Dorm," or "Can Potato Peels Predict the Future?"

Special occasion speeches entertain or inform your audience, like graduation speeches and toasts at celebrations.

Explore the different types of speeches and decide what speech type fits your assignment.


Types Of Speech Writing

There are many types of speeches, and they are combined into different categories. However, there are three basic categories of speech writing:

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Compare and Contrast Essay Topics

Compare and contrast essays showcase your ability to find similarities and differences between two or more subjects or points of view. This type of essay is relatively easy and fun to write because you get to express your own thoughts instead of writing bare facts. You can draw parallels and analyze the relationships between objects while explaining to the reader your unique perspective.

  • Effects of coffee vs. tea on one’s cognitive ability during studying
  • Capitalism vs. Communism
  • American North and South during the Civil War
  • The anatomical differences between monkeys and humans
  • Freelancing vs. working in an office
  • What is better: a movie or a book?
  • The differences and similarities between Greek and Roman mythology
  • The educational system in the US vs. the UK
  • Online shopping vs. traditional shopping
  • Smaller class sizes vs. bigger class sizes
  • Living with parents vs. living on campus
  • Electronic book readers vs. physical books
  • Online dating vs. real-life encounters
  • UK English vs. American English: differences and similarities
  • The physical vs. the moral needs of people
  • Lord of the Rings vs. Game of Thrones
  • Horror films vs. comedies
  • Carnivorism vs. veganism
  • Biking to school vs. driving a car to school
  • Japanese culture vs. Korean culture

Determine the Flow of the Body of the Speech

Thoughtco.com / Grace Fleming

The body of your speech can be organized in a number of ways, depending on your topic. Suggested organization patterns include:

  • Chronological: Provides the order of events in time;
  • Spatial: Gives an overview of physical arrangement or design;
  • Topical: Presents information one subject at a time;
  • Causal: Shows cause-and-effect pattern.

The speech pattern illustrated in the image in this slide is topical. The body is divided into sections that address different people (different topics). Speeches typically include three sections (topics) in the body. This speech would continue with a third section about Susie King Taylor.

Ways How to end a speech

Ending your speech properly requires that you not only restate your main points, but also leave the audience with something to think about. Some people choose to do this by prompting listeners to consider a statement or by reciting a quote. Ideally, you are looking for something that neatly wraps up the entire speech, but also offers a bit of a twist or call to action.

Regardless of the nature of your speech, there are certain things that you will want to consider including. They are:

  • Witty or relevant quotes
  • Funny stories or anecdotes that have a purpose
  • Strong transitions that are meaningful and make sense
  • A solid ending

The most important thing to consider when writing a speech comes from knowing who you are writing it for. You need to be able to convey passion and eagerness, but you also want your audience to share in your eagerness with their own enthusiasm. This means you need to be able to write attention-grabbing statements that pique their interest and not just your own.

Conclusion: Persuasive Speech Ideas

Good persuasive speech topics can be difficult to think of, but in this guide we’ve compiled a list of 105 interesting persuasive speech topics for you to look through.

The best persuasive speech ideas will be on a topic you’re interested in, aren’t overdone, and will be about something your audience cares about.

After you’ve chosen your topic, keep these three tips in mind when writing your persuasive speech:

  • Do your research
  • Consider all the angles
  • Know your audience

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The Audience and Context for the Speech

A speaker will need to use different techniques to connect with an audience of 1500 than they would with an audience of 15. Similarly, different techniques will be applied when communicating with teenagers as opposed to communicating with corporate leaders.

  • Where and when is the speech being delivered?
  • What are the key demographic features of the audience? Technical? Students? Elderly? Athletes? Business leaders?
  • How large is the audience?
  • In addition to the live audience, is there an external target audience? (e.g. on the Internet or mass media)

Descriptive essays

A descriptive essay provides a detailed sensory description of something. Like narrative essays, they allow you to be more creative than most academic writing, but they are more tightly focused than narrative essays. You might describe a specific place or object, rather than telling a whole story.

Descriptive essays test your ability to use language creatively, making striking word choices to convey a memorable picture of what you’re describing.

A descriptive essay can be quite loosely structured, though it should usually begin by introducing the object of your description and end by drawing an overall picture of it. The important thing is to use careful word choices and figurative language to create an original description of your object.

Mouse over the example below, a response to the prompt “Describe a place you love to spend time in,” to learn more about descriptive essays.

Descriptive essay example

Some Ideas How to start a speech

How you start your speech will depend largely on the reason you are delivering the speech. For example, the most powerful speeches that also happen to be informative in nature, often contain an introductory statement that not only introduces the topic being discussed but also piques the interest of the audience. It must be followed up by a strong transition into the main body of the speech.

Think of the attention grabbing portion of the introduction as the ‘hook’, it must be something that not only compels the audience to remain open-minded, but also encourages them to want to listen to everything you have to say.  How long is your introduction or speech supposed to be? That will depend specifically on the amount of time that you’ve been allotted to deliver your speech and whether or not there is a question and answer forum afterwards.

Speech Writing Topics

The topic is the first and foremost thing that you need to write a speech. Here are some amazing speech writing topic ideas to help you get started.

Persuasive Speech Topics

  • Drivers should avoid texting while driving.
  • Women should be allowed to ride a bike.
  • We need to stop eating junk food.
  • Products made with tobacco should be banned.
  • If celebrities and public figures break a law, they should receive stiffer penalties

Informative Speech Topics

  • The benefits of herbs as medicine
  • Different types of fishes
  • How to drive a sports car
  • The best marketing strategies
  • How to be a persuasive speaker

Demonstration Speech Topics

  • How to fix a flat tire
  • How to bake a cake
  • How to influence the audience
  • How to lose weight fast and safely
  • How to prepare for a job interview

Impromptu Speech Topics

  • Effects of coronavirus
  • What is to be like young and wild
  • Why we should not lie
  • Everything is fair in love and war.
  • See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil.

Entertaining Speech Topics

  • The best joke I ever heard
  • How I lied to my mother
  • The funniest thing my dad did on a New Year’s eve
  • How to get rejected on your first date
  • “I’m breaking up with you,” sent to the wrong person.

Motivational Speech Topics

  • “I’m proud of you my son” someday, my dad will say this to me
  • Positive thinking boosts your self-confidence.
  • It is perfectly fine for a boy to cry.
  • Same-sex couples should be allowed to adopt a child
  • I will make my parents proud

You must have decided on the topic for your speech until now. Let’s learn how to write a great speech that the audience will remember for a long period of time.

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